What is LLM?

The CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) is an entrance examination conducted in India for admission to undergraduate (LLB) and postgraduate (LLM) law programs offered by various participating universities. While both the CLAT LLM and CLAT LLB degrees are related to the field of law, there are some key differences between them. Here is a breakdown of those differences:

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1. Academic Level:

  • • CLAT LLB:  This degree is at the undergraduate level and is commonly pursued by students immediately after completing their higher secondary education (12th grade). It is a three-year program in India.

  • • CLAT LLM:  This degree is at the postgraduate level and is pursued by students who have already completed their LLB or an equivalent law degree. It is typically a one or two-year program.

2. Eligibility:

  • • CLAT LLB:  To be eligible for CLAT LLB, candidates must have completed their higher secondary education (10+2) or an equivalent examination from a recognized board. There is usually an age limit for CLAT LLB, which varies depending on the university.

  • • CLAT LLM:  To be eligible for CLAT LLM, candidates must have completed their LLB or an equivalent law degree from a recognized university. The specific eligibility criteria may vary among universities.
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3. Curriculum:

  • • CLAT LLB:  The undergraduate LLB program focuses on providing a comprehensive understanding of the foundational principles of law. It covers subjects such as constitutional law, criminal law, contract law, property law, administrative law, etc.

  • • CLAT LLM:  The postgraduate LLM program builds upon the knowledge acquired during LLB and delves deeper into specific areas of law. Students can specialize in various fields such as corporate law, intellectual property law, international law, criminal law, etc. The curriculum includes advanced courses, research work, and dissertation writing.
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4. Career Opportunities:

  • • CLAT LLB:  After completing CLAT LLB, graduates can pursue a career as a lawyer, legal advisor, or legal consultant. They can practice law in various courts, work in law firms, corporate legal departments, government agencies, or choose to pursue higher education.

  • • CLAT LLM:  CLAT LLM provides graduates with enhanced knowledge and expertise in a particular area of law. It opens opportunities for careers in academia as professors or researchers, as well as in specialized legal practice, consulting, or working with international organizations. It may also provide an edge when applying for certain government or corporate positions.

These are some of the key differences between CLAT LLB and CLAT LLM degrees. The choice between pursuing an LLB or LLM depends on one's educational background, career goals, and personal interests in the field of law.


Comparison of the Admission Criteria for LLM and LLB courses

The admission criteria for LLM (Master of Laws) and LLB (Bachelor of Laws) courses may vary depending on the specific university and country. However, we can provide you with a general comparison of the admission criteria for LLM and LLB courses:


➤ LLB Admission Criteria:

  1. 1. Educational Qualification: For LLB, the minimum educational qualification is usually the completion of higher secondary education (10+2) or an equivalent examination from a recognized board.

  2. 2. Age Limit: Some universities may have an upper age limit for LLB admissions, typically ranging from 17 to 20 years.

  3. 3. Entrance Examinations: In many countries, including India, there are entrance examinations such as CLAT (Common Law Admission Test) or LSAT (Law School Admission Test) that candidates need to appear for to secure admission to LLB programs. These exams assess the candidate's aptitude in areas like logical reasoning, legal knowledge, and English language proficiency.

  4. 4. Merit-based Selection: The admission process may involve a merit-based selection where the candidate's performance in the entrance examination, along with their academic record, is considered for shortlisting. Some universities may also conduct interviews or group discussions as part of the selection process.

➤ LLM Admission Criteria:

  1. 1. Educational Qualification: To be eligible for LLM, candidates must have completed their LLB or an equivalent law degree from a recognized university.

  2. 2. Minimum Academic Requirements: There may be minimum academic requirements in terms of the candidate's performance during their LLB or previous law degree program. This may include a minimum percentage or grade point average (GPA) that needs to be achieved.

  3. 3. Work Experience (if applicable): Some universities may require candidates to have relevant work experience in the legal field, particularly for specialized LLM programs or executive LLM programs.

  4. 4. Statement of Purpose (SOP): Candidates may need to submit a statement of purpose explaining their motivation for pursuing an LLM, their career goals, and how the specific LLM program aligns with their aspirations.

It is important to note that admission criteria can vary among universities and countries, so it is advisable to check the specific requirements of the institutions you are interested in applying to.

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Analyzing the Course Curriculum and Career Prospects

Let us analyze the course curriculum and career prospects for both LLM (Master of Laws) and LLB (Bachelor of Laws) degrees: 

➤ LLB Course Curriculum:

The LLB curriculum focuses on providing students with a solid foundation in the various areas of law. The course typically covers subjects such as constitutional law, criminal law, contract law, property law, administrative law, family law, corporate law, and legal research methodology. The curriculum aims to develop students' understanding of legal principles, legal reasoning, and their ability to analyze and interpret statutes and case laws. LLB programs often involve a combination of theoretical lectures, case studies, moot court exercises, and internships to provide practical exposure to the legal profession.


➤ Career Prospects with LLB:

1. Legal Practice: Many LLB graduates choose to become practicing lawyers and advocate in courts. They can work in various areas of law, such as criminal law, civil law, corporate law, family law, intellectual property law, etc. They can establish their own law firms, work in law firms as associates, or join the legal departments of corporations or government organizations.

2. Judiciary and Legal Services: LLB graduates can also pursue a career in the judiciary by appearing for judicial service examinations and becoming judges in lower courts. They can work as legal advisors, legal consultants, or legal officers in government departments, regulatory bodies, or public sector enterprises.

3. Legal Research and Academia: Some LLB graduates choose to pursue further studies, such as an LLM or a PhD, to specialize in a specific area of law. They can pursue a career in legal research and academia, working as professors, researchers, or lecturers in law schools and universities.

4. Legal Compliance and Corporate Roles: LLB graduates can work as legal consultants or compliance officers in corporate organizations, ensuring adherence to legal regulations and providing legal guidance in business operations. They can also work in the legal departments of corporate entities, handling contracts, intellectual property matters, and legal disputes.

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➤ LLM Course Curriculum:

The LLM curriculum builds upon the foundational knowledge acquired during LLB and allows students to specialize in specific areas of law. The course offers a deeper understanding of legal concepts, advanced research skills, and critical analysis. The curriculum may include core courses related to the chosen specialization, elective courses, and seminars. Students may also be required to undertake a research project or write a dissertation on a relevant legal topic.


➤ Career Prospects with LLM:

1. Academia and Research: LLM graduates often pursue careers in academia, working as professors, researchers, or lecturers in law schools and universities. They can engage in legal research, publish scholarly articles, and contribute to the development of legal knowledge and theory.

2. Legal Practice and Advocacy: LLM graduates can practice law as specialized legal consultants or advocates, focusing on their chosen area of specialization. They can work in law firms that specialize in specific practice areas or as independent legal practitioners.

3. International Organizations and NGOs: LLM graduates may find opportunities to work with international organizations, such as the United Nations, World Bank, or non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that focus on legal issues. They can contribute to international law, human rights, environmental law, or other areas of global concern.

4. Government and Policy Positions: LLM graduates can work in government departments, think tanks, or policy-making institutions, providing legal expertise and contributing to the development and implementation of laws and regulations.

5. Corporate Legal Roles: LLM graduates with specialization in corporate law, intellectual property law, or international business law can work in the legal departments of corporate organizations, handling complex legal matters, contracts, compliance, and dispute resolution.


It is important to note that the career prospects for both LLB and LLM graduates can vary depending on factors such as specialization, individual skills, experience, and the legal market's demand in a particular region. Additionally, pursuing further studies or gaining practical experience through internships and networking can enhance career opportunities for both LLB and LLM graduates.


LLM Entrance Test Question Papers of AILET, ILI and CLAT 2022 exam

  1. AILET LLM Entrance Test 2022
  2. AILET LLM Key 2022
  3. ILI Question Paper 2022
  4. ILI Answer Key 2022
  5. LLM CLAT Answer Key 2022
  6. LLM CLAT Question Paper 2022



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